Dsum Indirect References In Excel

Key Takeaways:

  • DSUM is an important Excel function that allows users to sum values in a database based on specific criteria. It is useful for organizing and analyzing large amounts of data.
  • Indirect References are an essential component of DSUM, allowing users to reference cell ranges dynamically based on the contents of other cells. This is particularly useful for creating flexible and adaptable formulas.
  • To use DSUM with Indirect References effectively, users should have a clear understanding of both concepts and follow the proper syntax when writing formulas. They should also be familiar with different types of operators and functions that can be used with DSUM and Indirect References.

Are you struggling with creating indirect references in Excel? Check out this guide to learn how to navigate from one worksheet to another with ease and create a dynamic summary sheet.

What is DSUM and why is it important?

DSUM, or Database SUM, is an Excel function that allows users to sum values from a specified database, based on criteria. It is important because it makes data analysis and manipulation for large datasets much easier. With DSUM, users can filter data quickly and carry out calculations without manually sorting each record.

Here are 5 highlights of what DSUM does and why it is important:

  • DSUM stands for ‘Database SUM’.
  • It is an Excel function that sums values from a specified range of cells, based on criteria.
  • DSUM is useful for working with large databases.
  • It simplifies data management by allowing quick filtering, sorting, and calculations.
  • The function saves time for those who work with spreadsheets regularly.

Using the above points as a guide, let’s look closer at what makes DSUM so special. This function allows complex calculations to be done with just one click. This means you can extract specific information from a large dataset without having to sift through each piece of data manually.

Plus, DSUM can be used with other functions like IF Statements and VLOOKUPs to make more advanced queries. Used together, these functions provide more flexibility when dealing with databases in comparison to conventional methods.

Pro Tip: To maximize the benefits of DSUM, keep your database structured in an organized manner. This not only makes filtering easier but also improves accuracy when performing mathematical operations.

To get the most out of DSUM, understanding how to use it effectively in Excel is essential.

How to use DSUM effectively in Excel

How to use DSUM effectively in Excel

DSUM is an awesome Excel function that can help you with number crunching. Here is a 3-step guide on how to use it:

  1. Select the data range you want to calculate using the CTRL+SHIFT+* shortcut.
  2. Write the DSUM function in a cell and specify the criteria for your calculation and the range you want to apply it to. For instance: =DSUM(A1:D20,”Sales”,A21:C22).
  3. Hit Enter to finish the calculation and get your result.

Remember that DSUM only works with numerical values such as numbers and currency figures. It also needs a header row at the top of the data range.

Make sure you are getting the right result with DSUM. Check your criteria and make sure they match any special formatting or conditions for your data range.

Fun Fact: The “D” in “DSUM” stands for “Database”.

Let’s look into Indirect References and their role in DSUM:

Indirect References can be so useful when dealing with a large amount of data in Excel. If you use them in your DSUM formula, you can easily modify the range of cells without having to rewrite the whole formula.

Now, let’s find out what indirect references are and how they work with DSUM.

Understanding Indirect References and their relevance in DSUM

The DSUM function is an amazing tool for data analysis in Excel. But, when used with Indirect References, it becomes even better! Let’s explore what Indirect References are and how they can be combined with the DSUM function. In this segment, we’ll go over the basics as well as some practical tips to use them in your own data analysis. So join us and discover the power of DSUM Indirect References!

Understanding Indirect References and their relevance in DSUM-DSUM Indirect References in Excel,

Image credits: manycoders.com by Yuval Washington

What are Indirect References and how do they work?

Indirect References in Excel are a way to refer to cells or ranges not directly. Instead of giving their address or name, another formula or cell reference makes the decision. This can be helpful when you want to refer to a different cell according to a condition.

To gain an understanding of Indirect References, look at this table:

1 10 A
2 20 B
3 30 C

Let’s say we need to sum all numbers in column B if in column C the value is “B”. One solution is the DSUM function. Another is an Indirect Reference formula like this:


We explain how it works. First we use MATCH to find the row in column C that has value “B”. The third argument of MATCH states an exact match (0). In our example, it returns row number 2.

Next, we attach the letter “B” with the row number from MATCH using the & operator. This gives us the string “B2”.

Finally, we use INDIRECT on our string to get a reference to cell B2. The SUM function then adds up all numbers in column B that match our criteria.

Indirect References can be a valuable tool in Excel. It allows more flexibility when creating formulas as you don’t need to use specific references. Formulas or cell values can decide the range.

Now let’s look at using Indirect References in Excel properly.

How to use Indirect References in Excel

Using Indirect References in Excel is easy! Here’s how:

  1. Select the cell where you want the reference.
  2. Begin with the “=” sign, followed by “INDIRECT“. The arguments go inside parentheses.
  3. Add your argument within the parentheses – it could be a string or a cell reference.

Indirect references help build flexible formulas that adjust to changes in multiple worksheets. This is useful when you have multiple data sets spread across sheets that require regular updates.

A Pro Tip when using indirect references is to double-check for circular references. Circular references can cause uncontrolled recalculation looping and crash your Excel workbook.

Now let’s move on to explore how we can use DSUM (Database Sum) function with these Indirect References in our next section – ‘DSUM with Indirect References – A Comprehensive Guide‘.

DSUM with Indirect References – A Comprehensive Guide

Wanna know more ’bout DSUM indirect references in Excel? This guide’ll be your go-to! It’ll take you through single and multiple references. With DSUM, totalling up values based on specific criteria is easy-peasy! And indirect references make Excel even more powerful. So, if you’re a novice or an Excel whiz, continue reading to take your DSUM skills higher!

DSUM with Indirect References - A Comprehensive Guide-DSUM Indirect References in Excel,

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Using DSUM with a Single Indirect Reference

Here, we have a table with employees and their salaries. Our aim is to use DSUM and an indirect reference to calculate the total salary of all Marketing department employees.

Employee Name Department Salary
John Marketing $5,000
Peter Sales $4,000
Mary Marketing $5,500
Sarah HR $3,200

To use DSUM with an indirect reference, do the following.

  1. Select any cell outside the table and type ‘Department’ as its heading.
  2. Under it, type ‘Marketing’.
  3. Place your cursor on any blank cell on your worksheet and create a named box called ‘depref’.
  4. Assign it to the cell containing ‘Marketing’ (B2).

Then use DSUM by typing ‘=DSUM(table_data,”Salary”,department_column_heading_reference,name_box_reference)’ where:

  • ‘table_data’ is the range of cells;
  • ‘”Salary”‘ refers to the field you want summed up;
  • ‘department_column_heading_reference’ refers to the column containing departments which is ‘Department’ here;
  • ‘name_box_reference’ is our named box (‘depref’).

Using DSUM with a single indirect reference can save time and make data analysis easier. Don’t miss out on this helpful Excel tool!

Ready to learn more? Moving on to – Using DSUM with Multiple Indirect References!

Using DSUM with Multiple Indirect References

Let’s make a table to understand better:

Name Age Salary
John 25 50000
Cathy 35 60000
Peter 40 70000

Suppose we want to find the collective salary of people above 30 years old. We can use the DSUM formula with two indirect references – one to the age column, one to the salary column.

Using DSUM with multiple indirect references is useful when our data is on different sheets or workbooks. This way, we don’t have to manually enter data from different sources.

Moreover, this technique keeps our formulas flexible. If there’s new data, our formulas will update.

Microsoft’s documentation says, “Indirect function returns a reference specified by a text string“. This means we can use indirect references with other Excel formulas like DSUM to do complex calculations on huge datasets.

We’ve got a common question – how to avoid errors caused by inaccurate cell selections? In the next section, we’ll explore examples of DSUM with Indirect References, clearing up any doubts.

Examples of DSUM with Indirect References to clear confusion

Examples of DSUM with Indirect References to clear confusion

Ever been stuck on an Excel formula? Same! So, let’s dive into DSUM with Indirect References examples. These are designed to help you master the function through real-life scenarios.

First, we’ll break down DSUM with Single Indirect Reference. Then, we’ll cover DSUM with Multiple Indirect References. Through a detailed walkthrough, you’ll understand how to use them.

By the end, you’ll be able to use DSUM with Indirect References like a pro!

Examples of DSUM with Indirect References to clear confusion-DSUM Indirect References in Excel,

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DSUM with Single Indirect Reference – Step-by-Step Explanation

Select the cell where you want your result to appear.

Use the DSUM function with SINGLE INDIRECT REFERENCE: =DSUM(Database, Field, Criteria).


  • Database: Choose the entire range including headers of your database.
  • Field: Select the column heading where your data resides.
  • Criteria: Provide your condition inside quotation marks as required by logical operators like “<“, “>”, “=”.

For example, find the total sales (Field) for a particular product (Criteria) from our company’s sheet (Database). The formula will look like =DSUM(A1:E11,”Sales”,C16:C17). Assuming A1:E11 has all our sheets’ data and C16 contains ‘Product ID’ while C17 has its value.

Using DSUM with Single Indirect Reference might be confusing at first, but it’s efficient once you get the hang of it. Excel tables or named ranges are better than shortcuts to ensure smooth functioning.

DSUM with Multiple Indirect References – A Detailed Walkthrough

To make it easier to understand, we have created a table. It has columns for criteria range, database range, and formula. We are using actual data.

When using DSUM, some people can get confused about which cells to reference. To avoid this, it is important to understand indirect references. This means using a text string with cell addresses or range names separated by colons.

Our detailed walkthrough on DSUM with multiple indirect references teaches how to use it correctly and avoid mistakes. Practicing with small datasets first is recommended before larger databases.

One of our colleagues had trouble with DSUM before reading our walkthrough. They applied DSUM correctly, proving how useful a detailed explanation can be for complex Excel functions like DSUM.

Some Facts About DSUM Indirect References in Excel:

  • ✅ DSUM stands for Database SUM and allows users to calculate the sum of a set of values based on specific criteria. (Source: Excel Campus)
  • ✅ Indirect references in DSUM refer to using a cell reference as a variable in the criteria of the sum calculation. (Source: Excel Easy)
  • ✅ Indirect references in DSUM can be useful when working with large amounts of data and requiring different calculations for subsets of the data. (Source: Excel Tips)
  • ✅ Using named ranges in DSUM can simplify the use of indirect references and make formulas easier to understand. (Source: ExcelJet)
  • ✅ DSUM indirect references can also be used in conjunction with other functions like VLOOKUP and INDEX/MATCH. (Source: Spreadsheet Guru)

FAQs about Dsum Indirect References In Excel

What is DSUM Indirect References in Excel?

DSUM stands for Database SUM and it is a function in Excel that allows you to sum a range of cells based on specific criteria. Indirect references in DSUM allow you to specify a range of cells as a reference rather than typing in each cell or range individually.

How do I use DSUM Indirect References in Excel?

First, you need to create a data set with column headings and data entries. Then, create a criteria range to specify the criteria you want to use. Finally, use the DSUM function and indirect references to sum the data based on the specified criteria.

What is the syntax for DSUM Indirect References in Excel?

The syntax for DSUM Indirect References in Excel is:

=DSUM(database, field, criteria)

where ‘database’ is the range of cells that make up your data set, ‘field’ is the column or row label that contains the data you want to sum, and ‘criteria’ is the range of cells that contains the criteria you want to use.

Can I use DSUM Indirect References in Excel with multiple criteria?

Yes, you can use DSUM Indirect References in Excel with multiple criteria. Simply create a criteria range that includes all of the criteria you want to use and include that range as the ‘criteria’ argument in the DSUM function.

Are there any limitations to DSUM Indirect References in Excel?

Yes, there are some limitations to DSUM Indirect References in Excel. One limitation is that the data set must have column headings. In addition, the criteria range must have the same number of columns and column headings as the database range.

Can I use DSUM Indirect References in Excel with other functions?

Yes, you can use DSUM Indirect References in Excel with other functions. For example, you can use the SUMPRODUCT function to sum the results of DSUM Indirect References across multiple criteria ranges.