Round: Excel Formulae Explained

Key Takeaway:

  • The ROUND function in Excel is a powerful tool for rounding numbers to the desired number of decimal places or significant figures. Understanding its basic functions and syntax is essential for mastering this formula.
  • The parameters of the ROUND formula determine the number to be rounded and the desired number of decimal places or significant figures. By experimenting with the different parameters, users can tailor the formula to their specific needs.
  • In addition to the ROUND formula, there are other functions in Excel that can be used to round numbers up or down, as well as to round to specific multiples. Familiarity with these related functions can be valuable in a variety of applications.

Have you ever been overwhelmed by Excel formulae? Understanding them doesn’t have to be a daunting task! In this blog, you will learn how to use the ROUND function to make working with Excel simpler and faster.

Excel Formula Explained: ROUND Function

Let’s explore the world of ROUND functions in Excel formula! We’ll learn how to round numbers accurately. I’ll explain it in simple terms, so you can easily follow along. We’ll start by understanding the basics, then move onto the more intricate parts. New to Excel? Experienced user? Join me as we explore this essential function. It’ll help make your workbooks even more organized and professional!

Understanding the Basics of the ROUND Formula

ROUND Function in Excel rounds numbers up or down based on the following digit. If it’s greater than 5, it rounds up. If it’s less than 5, it rounds down. We can also specify how many digits after the decimal point we want by using positive values or significant figures estimation when rounding large numbers.

This formula has two mandatory arguments – the first one is the number and the second one is the digit up to which you want to round it. If omitted, it will round up numbers if it’s one-half or higher.

Pro Tip: You can use a negative Integer as the second argument if you need to round a separate whole number. For instance, -1 rounds up the tens place, -2 the hundreds place, and so forth.

Using ROUND Function in Excel is useful when dealing with big financial calculations or statistical analysis that requires neat data presentation. It helps to manage and analyze data precisely by giving consistency and accuracy throughout spreadsheets when working with huge quantities of data containing decimal points.

Rounding Numbers in Excel using ROUND Function

Do you know Microsoft Excel was first released in 1985? It’s now used by millions of people for both personal and professional use.

To round any number to a desired level of precision in Excel, you can use the ROUND function. This is a quick and easy way to make your figures easier to read and understand.

It’s particularly useful when dealing with large data sets and financial reports, when cents or change must be taken into account.

The ROUND formula allows you to have more control over your data without having to manually adjust each entry.

Here’s the syntax:

  1. Choose the cell(s) you want to round.
  2. Type “=ROUND(” in the formula bar.
  3. Add the decimal places you want to round to, followed by a comma.
  4. Close the bracket and press enter.

The Syntax of ROUND Formula

Fellow spreadsheet lovers, you know that Excel formulae are a powerful asset. Now, let’s explore the syntax of one of the most popular functions: the ROUND formula. We’ll go through its parameters and how they come together. Then, we’ll explain each one in detail. After this section, you’ll have a good grasp of ROUND and know how to use it well.

Syntax of the ROUND Function Explained

The syntax of the ROUND function in Excel is essential.

This function enables you to round a number to a specified level of precision.

Here is a table that explains it clearly:

Syntax Train Description
=ROUND(number, num_digits) Rounds a number to a certain amount of digits
number Required; the number you want to round
num_digits Required; the number of digits to which you want to round

If num_digits is positive, Excel will round to that many decimal places.

If num_digits is negative or -1, like -1, '0', or -3, Excel will round numbers to the left of the decimal point.

It’s important to understand syntax and other programming concepts in Excel Formulae. Ada Lovelace wrote a computer program for Charles Babbage’s Analytical Engine in 1843. This shows how coding has impacted our society.

So, learning about syntax related functions like Round Formula can help us to advance technological developments.

With an understanding of the syntax of the ROUND function, we can move on to describing its parameters in more detail. This will help you become more proficient at formatting data in Excel.

Describing the Parameters in the ROUND Formula

To comprehend the ROUND equation better, we must explain its parameters. It has two main arguments; the number to be rounded and the number of decimal places that should be retained. The parameters are:

Parameter Description
Number The number you want to round.
Num_digits The number of digits after rounding up or down.

For instance, if you want to round 5.43 to one decimal point, you will use 5.4 as your Num_digits parameter. If you give Num_digits a zero value, it will round off to a whole value.

When using the ROUND formula with negative values for Num_digits parameter, rounding occurs to tens, hundreds or thousands instead of decimals.

Unlike other Excel functions such as SUM and COUNTIF which have several condition parameters and array ranges, the ROUND function only has two arguments.

Pro Tip: To boost productivity when using the ROUND formula in Excel spreadsheets with different tables and data types, consider referencing columns or cells instead of typing out arguments manually.

Examples of Using ROUND Formula:

To learn how ‘ROUND’ is used in different examples, here are some examples of utilizing the ROUND formula in various ways…

Examples of Using ROUND Formula

As a regular Excel user, I understand how helpful and time-saving formulae are. You should definitely know the ROUND formula! By using the ROUND formula, you can accurately and quickly round numbers in your spreadsheet. I’ll guide you through 3 sub-sections with examples on how to use the ROUND formula. This includes:

  1. Rounding numbers up
  2. Rounding numbers down
  3. Rounding to the nearest multiple

After this section, you’ll be an expert in the ROUND formula and save yourself time and effort!

How to Round Numbers Up in Excel

Wondering how to round numbers up in Excel? It’s easy! Here’s a quick 4-step guide:

  1. Select the cell or range of cells.
  2. Go to the “Home” tab and click the “Number Format” dropdown menu.
  3. Select “More Number Formats” at the bottom.
  4. From the “Format Cells” window, choose “Number” from the left-hand menu and set the desired decimal places in the “Decimal places” field.

Now let’s go deeper into “rounding up” numbers in Excel. When dealing with money, it’s often necessary to round up to avoid discrepancies or errors. For example, if you need to invoice someone for $10.75 but they only have a $20 bill, you can round up to $11. This is a simple process that can save time and prevent costly mistakes.

Next, we’ll cover how to round numbers down in Excel – another important skill for working with financial data or numeric calculations.

How to Round Numbers Down in Excel

You can round down a number in Excel with multiple approaches. Here’s how you do it in 3 simple steps:

  1. Type the number in an empty cell of your worksheet.
  2. Write =ROUND(M14,0) in a separate cell (assuming the number is in cell M14).
  3. Press Enter and the formula will return a rounded-down value of the original number. Copy and paste or drag-and-drop the formula to other cells where you need the calculation.

Let’s look at what the ROUND function does: It rounds off a given number up/down and returns it as a whole-number value. By using this formula with zero decimal places, we get the result of rounding down.

Pro Tip: If you need to keep decimals when rounding numbers down (e.g. removing everything after the third decimal place), use =ROUND(M14-0.0005,3).

Next up – use ROUND formula to round to the nearest multiple.

Rounding to the Nearest Multiple using ROUND Formula

Rounding values to any desired multiple can be accomplished in Excel using the ROUND function, division, and multiplication. For instance, to round a list of monthly incomes to the nearest hundred dollars, select “100” as the multiple and apply it using ROUND.

Remember: ROUND always rounds up at .5, different from other rounding functions like CEILING or FLOOR.

Rounding with ROUND Formula is beneficial in various industries such as finance, manufacturing, and statistics. Additionally, you can combine ROUND with other functions like SUM or AVERAGE for greater flexibility when dealing with huge datasets.

Related Formulae to ROUND offer more methods for working with numbers in Excel.

Related Formulae to ROUND

Excel can be helpful when working with data. We’ll cover some valuable formulae related to ROUND. These are ROUNDUP, ROUNDDOWN, and MROUND. We’ll explain each one, and how they work in complex formulas. So let’s dive in and learn how to use rounded numbers in Excel!

Explaining the ROUNDUP Function

ROUNDUP – it rounds a number to the nearest specified digit. It takes two arguments – ‘number’ and ‘num_digits’. The ‘number’ is the value that needs to be rounded. The ‘num_digits’ is how many digits you want it to be rounded to. For example, 1.222 rounded off to three decimal places is ROUNDUP(1.222,3).

The function rounds numbers away from zero. This means negative numbers become more negative. The lower valued digit will be rounded up to one higher than its current value.

Finance and accounting can use the ROUNDUP function when computing interest payments or tax calculations.

Pro Tip: Use negative num_digits arguments too. Negative values in num_digits round out hundreds position starting from the unit place instead of beginning at the left side of the decimal point.

ROUNDDOWN is another useful function. It takes two arguments – ‘number’ (required) and ‘num_digits’ (required). Using the same example, to round 19.6784 to two decimals, use ROUNDDOWN(19.6784;2).

Explaining the ROUNDDOWN Function

ROUNDDOWN needs two things to work: the figure to be rounded and the decimal places. Negative values can also be used for the second argument to round digits before the decimal point. ROUNDDOWN always rounds down, even if the first digit after rounding is five or more. To round up, use ROUND instead. This function is great for financial data or situations that need precision. Give it a try and experience how much simpler your work gets! MROUND is another helpful function, which can be applied to many scenarios.

Describing the Application of the MROUND Function

MROUND is an Excel formula you need two arguments for. The value to round and the multiple of rounding. Excel uses symmetric arithmetic when rounding.

Negative numbers need special attention, as there are two possible results with regular math rules. Businesses usually follow midpoint rounding away from zero.

For values in different groups, use IF and MROUND together. That way you can assign individual base rules and ensure consistent calculation.


  1. Check multiple accuracy.
  2. Always use midpoint for negatives.
  3. Use IF and MROUND together if needed.
  4. Verify results before printing.

Five Facts About ROUND: Excel Formulae Explained:

  • ✅ ROUND is an Excel function used to round numbers to a specified number of digits. (Source: Excel Easy)
  • ✅ There are different variations of the ROUND function, including ROUNDUP, ROUNDDOWN, and MROUND. (Source: Alphr)
  • ✅ The ROUND function can be used in a variety of contexts, such as financial modeling, scientific analysis, and data visualization. (Source: Exceljet)
  • ✅ The syntax for the ROUND function is “=ROUND(number, num_digits)”. (Source: Microsoft Support)
  • ✅ The ROUND function can also be combined with other functions, such as SUM and AVERAGE, to perform more complex calculations. (Source: Ablebits)

FAQs about Round: Excel Formulae Explained

What is the ROUND function in Excel?

The ROUND function is a built-in function in Excel that allows you to round a number to a specified number of decimal places or to the nearest whole number.

How do you use the ROUND function in Excel?

To use the ROUND function in Excel, you need to follow the syntax =ROUND(number, num_digits). Number is the value that you want to round, and num_digits is the number of digits you want to round to. For example, =ROUND(3.14159, 2) will return 3.14.

What is the difference between ROUND and ROUNDUP functions in Excel?

The ROUND function rounds the number to the nearest whole number, while the ROUNDUP function rounds up the number to the next whole number. For example, =ROUND(3.6) will return 4, and =ROUNDUP(3.6) will return 4.

How do I round a number down in Excel?

To round a number down in Excel, you can use the ROUNDDOWN function. The syntax for ROUNDDOWN is =ROUNDDOWN(number, num_digits), where number is the value you want to round down and num_digits is the number of digits you want to round down to. For example, =ROUNDDOWN(3.14159, 2) will return 3.14.

What is the difference between ROUNDDOWN and ROUNDUP functions in Excel?

The ROUNDDOWN function rounds the number down to the nearest whole number, while the ROUNDUP function rounds up the number to the next whole number. For example, =ROUNDDOWN(3.6) will return 3, and =ROUNDUP(3.6) will return 4.

What is the syntax for the ROUND function in Excel?

The syntax for the ROUND function in Excel is =ROUND(number, num_digits), where number is the value you want to round and num_digits is the number of digits you want to round to. For example, =ROUND(3.14159, 2) will return 3.14.